Understanding Trademark Status in India

The journey through trademark law in India is pivotal for protecting intellectual property. This guide simplifies the trademark status process, offering essential insights for those engaged in intellectual property endeavors. By understanding the distinct stages a trademark application undergoes within the Indian Trademark Registry, applicants and legal professionals can navigate this path with greater clarity and strategy.

Understanding the Trademark Status Stages in India

In the intricate process of trademark registration in India, understanding each status stage your application undergoes is pivotal. These statuses not only indicate the current standing of your application but also dictate the necessary actions you must undertake. Below is a comprehensive exploration of the key trademark status stages, merged from detailed explanations of each status and their significance in the trademark registration lifecycle in India.

New Application

The journey begins when you file your trademark application with the Indian Trademark Registry. This initial stage signifies that your application has been lodged successfully. It’s crucial at this juncture to ensure that all details are accurate and complete to avoid issues in subsequent stages.

Formalities Chk Pass and Formal Check Failed

After submission, the application undergoes a preliminary check. A ‘Formalities Chk Pass’ status means the application meets all required formalities, whereas ‘Formal Check Failed’ indicates issues that need rectification. In case of failure, applicants must quickly address and correct the identified deficiencies to advance their application in the process.

Send to Vienna Codification

When an application reaches the ‘Send to Vienna Codification’ stage, it undergoes a process where the trademark’s figurative elements are categorized according to the Vienna Agreement. This classification aids in the systematic examination and search for conflicting trademarks, ensuring a more organized review process.

Marked for Exam

Progressing to the ‘Marked for Exam’ stage, your application is queued for a substantive examination. During this phase, an examiner scrutinizes your trademark against various criteria, including distinctiveness and potential conflicts with pre-existing trademarks. This examination is critical as it determines the viability of your trademark for registration.


If the examiner identifies any issues or conflicts during the examination, your application status shifts to ‘Objected’. This is a decisive stage where you must address the objections raised. A well-crafted response or amendment to your application may be necessary to overcome these hurdles and proceed further in the registration process.

Advertised bef acc & Accepted and Advertised

Post-examination, if your trademark overcomes all objections, it enters the ‘Advertised bef acc’ or ‘Accepted & Advertised’ status. This means your trademark is published in the Trademark Journal, opening a window for the public to oppose the registration if they believe it infringes on their rights. This publication phase is crucial as it exposes your trademark to public scrutiny, which is an integral part of the democratic process in trademark law.


If an opposition is filed against your trademark, the status reflects ‘Opposed’. This stage involves a legal examination where both the applicant and the opposer present their cases. Navigating through opposition requires strategic legal responses and, sometimes, participation in hearings to defend the uniqueness and validity of your trademark.


Upon successful navigation through all previous stages without insurmountable objections or opposition, your trademark attains the ‘Registered’ status. This is the culmination of the application process, where your trademark is officially recognized and protected under trademark law in India, granting you exclusive rights to its use in the relevant business domains.


Trademark registration is not perpetual; it requires renewal every ten years. The ‘Renewed’ status indicates that the trademark owner has successfully extended the registration, ensuring ongoing protection and legal rights over the trademark.

Understanding these stages provides a roadmap for trademark applicants, offering insights into what to expect and how to prepare for each phase of the trademark registration process in India. It empowers applicants with knowledge, enabling them to take proactive steps and make informed decisions throughout the journey of trademark registration.


Understanding each stage of trademark status in India is crucial for protecting intellectual property rights. This guide serves as an essential resource for individuals and legal professionals, aiding in the successful navigation of the trademark process.


  1. What should an applicant do if the status is ‘Formal Check Failed’?
    • The applicant needs to identify and rectify the errors or omissions indicated by the Trademark Registry to move the application forward.
  2. What is the importance of ‘Vienna Codification’ in trademark registration?
    • It helps in categorizing the trademark based on its figurative elements, facilitating an organized examination and ensuring a clearer search for potential conflicts.
  3. How should an applicant respond to an ‘Objected’ status?
    • An effective response should address all concerns raised by the examiner, potentially requiring amendments to the application or arguments supporting its registrability.
  4. What happens during the ‘Opposed’ stage?
    • This stage involves a legal process where the applicant must counter the opposition’s claims, defending the trademark’s uniqueness and right to registration.
  5. Why is the ‘Renewed’ status important for a trademark?
    • Renewal every ten years is essential to maintain the trademark’s legal protection and the owner’s exclusive rights to its use.

By Lawpret

Lawpret is a community-driven treasure trove of legal information. We're all about tapping into the collective wisdom to build a rich repository that serves everyone interested in law. Whether you're a lawyer, a professor, a student, or just someone curious about legal matters, we're here to make the law simpler and more understandable for you.

Feeling inspired to contribute? We're ready for your original work. Click the Submit button to get started.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *